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Family Health

 

In this section we have something information regarding different aspects of family health


    • Child Health 0 - 5 Years

      Child Health 0 - 5 Years

      Children's Immunisation Schedule

      Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.

      Routine childhood immunisations 

      When to   immunise

      Diseases   protected against

      Vaccine   given

      Site**

      Two   months old

      Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and   Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

      DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel)

      Thigh

      Pneumococcal disease

      PCV (Prevenar 13)

      Thigh

      Rotavirus

      Rotavirus (Rotarix)

      By mouth

      Three   months old

      Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and   Hib

      DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel)

      Thigh

      Meningococcal group C disease (MenC)

      Men C (NeisVac-C or Menjugate)

      Thigh

      Rotavirus

      Rotavirus (Rotarix)

      By mouth

      Four   months old

      Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and   Hib

      DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel)

      Thigh

      Pneumococcal disease

      PCV (Prevenar 13)

      Thigh

      Between   12 and 13 months old – within a month of the first birthday

      Hib/MenC

      Hib/MenC (Menitorix)

      Upper arm/thigh

      Pneumococcal disease

      PCV (Prevenar 13)

      Upper arm/thigh

      Measles, mumpsand rubella (German   measles)

      MMR(Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)

      Upper arm/thigh

      Three   years four months old or soon after

      Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio

      dTaP/IPV (Repevax) or   DTaP/IPV(Infanrix-IPV)

      Upper arm

      Measles, mumpsand rubella

      MMR (Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)(check first   dose has been given)

      Upper arm

       

      Please note

      ** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

      Immunisations for at-risk children 

       

      When to   immunise

      Diseases   protected against

      Vaccine   given

      Site

      At birth, 1 month old, 2 months old and   12 months old

      Hepatitis B

      Hep B

      Thigh

      At birth

      Tuberculosis

      BCG

      Upper arm (intradermal)

      Childrens Health

      There is a good guide on the NHS website which describes various conditions affecting children. There is advice on how to diagnose them, how to treat them and if further advice should be consulted.

      NHS childhood illness slideshow

      When Should I Worry?

      Having an ill child can be a very scary experience for parents. If you understand more about the illness it can help you to feel more in control. This booklet is for parents (and older children) and deals with common infections in children who are normally healthy.

                              Download the booklet

      NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments

      See the NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

      These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

    • Child Health 6 to 15 Years

      Child Health 6 to 15 Years

      Routine childhood immunisations 

      Girls   aged 12 to 13 years old

       

      Cervical cancer caused by human   papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11)

       

      HPV (Gardasil)

       

      HPV (Gardasil)

       

      Girls   aged 12 to 13 years old

      Cervical cancer caused by human   papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11)

      HPV (Gardasil)

      HPV (Gardasil)

      Around   14 years old

      Tetanus, diphtheria and polio

      Td/IPV (Revaxis), and check MMR status

      Upper arm

      Meningitis C

      (Meningitec, Menjugate or NeisVac-C)

      Upper arm

       

      Please note

      ** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

      The Meningitis C vaccination will be introduced during the 2013/14 academic year and the vaccine supplied will depend on the brands available at the time of ordering

      When Should I Worry?

      Having an ill child can be a very scary experience for parents. If you understand more about the illness it can help you to feel more in control. This booklet is for parents (and older children) and deals with common infections in children who are normally healthy.

                               Download the booklet

      There is a good guide on the NHS website which describes various conditions affecting children. There is advice on how to diagnose them, how to treat them and if further advice should be consulted.

      NHS childhood illness slideshow

      Fevers

      Most symptoms of a fever in young children can be managed at home with infant paracetamol. If the fever is very high, they may have an infection that needs treating with antibiotics.

       

      Head Lice

      Head lice are insects that live on the scalp and neck. They may make your head feel itchy. Although head lice may be embarrassing and sometimes uncomfortable, they don't usually cause illness. However, they won't clear up on their own and you need to treat them promptly

      Nosebleeds

      Nosebleeds (also known as epistaxis) are fairly common, especially in children, and can generally be easily treated.

      NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments

      See the NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

      These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

    • Men

      Mens' Health

      Five health symptoms men should not ignore:

      "British men are paying the price for neglecting their health: more than 100,000 men a year die prematurely.

      On average, men go to their GP half as often as women. It's important to be aware of changes to your health, and to see your GP immediately if you notice something that's not right." Find out more

      Prostate Cancer

      Each year about 36,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer, making it the most common cancer in men. It mainly affects men aged over 50.

      Symptoms

      • difficulty in starting to pass urine
      • a weak, sometimes intermittent flow of urine
      • dribbling of urine before and after urinating
      • a frequent or urgent need to pass urine
      • rarely, blood in your urine or semen and pain when passing urine

      These symptoms aren't always caused by prostate cancer but if you have them, see your GP.

      Find out more about the symptoms, causes and diagnosis of prostate cancer by using the resources below.

      Resources

      BUPA - Prostate Cancer

      NHS Choices - Prostate Cancer

      Testicular Cancer

      Testicular cancer, though the most common cancer in young men, it is still quite rare. With 2000 new cases being diagnosed each year, this makes it the biggest cause of cancer related death in 15 - 35-year-old males. It accounts for around 70 deaths a year within the UK alone.

      What to Look Out For

      The most common symptom of testicular cancer is swelling or a pea-sized lump in one of the testes (balls). There is no current screening test therefore it is important that you look out for the following signs and symptoms.

      • A dull ache, or sharp pain, in your testicles, or scrotum, which may come and go
      • A feeling of heaviness in your scrotum
      • A dull ache in your lower abdomen
      • A sudden collection of fluid in your scrotum
      • Fatigue, and generally feeling unwell.

       

      Resources

      NHS - Information on Testicular Cancer

      BUPA - Testicular Cancer

      Sexual Problems

      It’s estimated that one man in 10 has a problem related to having sex, such as premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. Dr John Tomlinson of The Sexual Advice Association explains some of the causes, and where to seek help.

      Find our more on NHS Choices

      NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments

      See the NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

    • Women

      Womens' Health

      Cervical Screening (Smear Tests)                 

      Cervical screening is a method of preventing cervical cancer by detecting abnormal cells in the cervix (lower part of the womb). Cervical screening is not a test for cancer, but it is a test to check the health of the cervix.

      Most women's test results show that everything is normal. But for one in 20 women, the test will show some changes in the cells of the cervix. Most of these changes will not lead to cervical cancer and the cells will go back to normal on their own. In some cases, the abnormal cells need to be treated to prevent them becoming a problem later.

      NHS Choices - Cervical Screening The why, when & how guide to cervical screening

      NHS Inform (Scottish Patients) Cervical Screening information, risks, benefits and tests for patients based in Scotland

      Cervical Screening This factsheet is for women who would like information about having a cervical smear test for screening. This means having the test when you don't have any symptoms.

      HPV Vaccination

      Since September 2008 there has been a national programme to vaccinate girls aged 12-13 against human papilloma virus (HPV). There is also a three-year catch up campaign that will offer the HPV vaccine (also known as the cervical cancer jab) to 13-18 year old girls.

      The programme is delivered largely through secondary schools, and consists of three injections that are given over a six-month period. In the UK, more than 1.4 million doses have been given since the vaccination programme started.

      What is Human papilloma virus (HPV)? Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the name of a family of viruses that affect the skin and the moist membranes that line your body, such as those in your cervix, anus, mouth and throat. These membranes are called the mucosa.

      There are more than 100 different types of HPV viruses, with about 40 types affecting the genital area. These are classed as high risk and low risk.

      How you get HPV? Types of HPV that affect the skin can be passed on by skin contact with an affected person. The types of HPV that affect the mouth and throat can be passed on through kissing. Genital HPV is usually spread through intimate, skin to skin, contact during sex. You can have the genital HPV virus for years and not have any sign of it.

      How HPV can cause cervical cancer?Most HPV infections are harmless or cause genital warts, however some types can cause cervical cancer. Most HPV infections clear up by themselves, but in some people the infection can last a long time. HPV infects the cells of the surface of the cervix where it can stay for many years without you knowing.

      The HPV virus can damage these cells leading to changes in their appearance. Over time, these changes can develop into cervical cancer. The purpose of cervical screening (testing) is to detect these changes, which, if picked up early enough, can be treated to prevent cancer happening. If they are left untreated, cancer can develop and may lead to serious illness and death.

      Cancer Research UK HPV Facts and information

      NHS Choices - HPV VaccinationWhy, how and when is the vaccination given and what are the side effects

      HPV Vaccine This factsheet is for people who would like information about the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine.

      Breast Cancer

      Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK. About 46,000 women get breast cancer in the UK each year. Most of them (8 out of 10) are over 50, but younger women, and in rare cases men, can also get breast cancer.

      The NHS Breast Screening Programme invites over 2 million women for screening every year, and detects over 14,000 cancers. Dr Emma Pennery of Breast Cancer Care says: “Breast X-rays, called mammograms, can detect tumours at a very early stage, before you’d feel a lump. The earlier it’s treated, the higher the survival rate.”

      Find out more about breast cancer screening 

      Macmillan Cancer Research The causes and symptoms of breast cancer in women and explains how it is diagnosed and treated

      NHS Choices Symtpoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention & screening information

      NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments

      See the NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

      These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

    • Seniors

      Seniors Health

      Seasonal Flu Vaccination

      Influenza – flu – is a highly infectious and potentially serious illness caused by influenza viruses. Each year the make-up of the seasonal flu vaccine is designed to protect against the influenza viruses that the World Health Organization decide are most likely to be circulating in the coming winter.

      Regular immunisation (vaccination) is given free of charge to the following at-risk people, to protect them from seasonal flu:

      • people aged 65 or over,
      • people with a serious medical condition
      • if you are pregnant
      • people living in a residential or nursing home
      • the main carers for an elderly or disabled person whose welfare may be at risk if the carer becomes ill
      • healthcare or social care professionals directly involved in patient care

      For more information on flu immunisation, including background information on the vaccine and how you can get the jab, see Seasonal flu jab

      Seasonal Flu Factsheet

      Eating Well & Exercise - helping you maintain a healthy body

      We're bombarded with scare stories about weight, from size zero to the obesity 'epidemic'. But a healthy body is determined by different factors for each of us.

      NHS - Good Food Guide Information on a healthy diet and ways to make it work for you

      NHS - Why be active? Even a little bit of exercise will make you feel better about yourself, boost your confidence and cut your risk of developing a serious illness.


      These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

    • Sexual Health

      Sexual Health

      Both men and women need to look after their sexual health and take time to understand the issues that surround contraception and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

      For instance there are some STIs, like chlamydia, that you could be carrying without having any symptoms. This infection can affect fertility, so it's important to make use of the sexual health services available for free on the NHS.

      Useful Resources:

      Sex & Young People A comprehensive guide to the questions you may have about sex from the NHS

      Sexually Transmitted Infections Issues, symptoms and treatments

      Sexual Health FAQs Expert answers from a qualified Doctor

      Netdoctor Here you'll find tips for a fulfilling sex life plus advice on STDs, contraception and common sex problems.

      FPA - The Sexual Health Charity Sexual health advice and information on contraception, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy choices, abortion and planning a pregnancy.

      Contraception

      There are so many different types of contraception available that you should be able to find the right method. You may have to try several different things before you choose the one you like most.

       

      Types of contraception Where do you get contraception?

      Useful Resources

      NetDoctor A Family Planning specialist writes about the different types of contraception, the benefits and pitfalls and how effective they are

      Contraception - NHS Choices Information on Contraception from NHS Choices including why, when and how it should be used and with links to other useful resources.

      Hormonal Contraception This factsheet is for women who are taking hormonal contraceptives, or who would like information about them.

      Chlamydia

       

      Chlamydia is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection among under-25s. Often there are no symptoms, but testing and treatment are simple.

      Causes and risk factors Chlamydia is usually passed from one person to another during vaginal, oral or anal sex, or by sharing sex toys. It can live inside cells of the cervix, urethra, rectum and sometimes in the throat and eyes.

       

      Useful Links

      NHS Choices - focus on Chlamydia Information, videos and advice from the NHS website

      Chlamydia This factsheet is for people who have chlamydia, or who would like information about it.

      These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

    • Change4Life Sugar Smart

      Change4Life Sugar Smart

      We at York Medical Group are keen to keep you up to date with as many new initiatives as possible. Public Health England have launched a new campaign this week to help parents understand the importance of controlling their child's sugar intake. Children are consuming far too much sugar, which can have a huge impact on a child's health to include tooth decay, weight gain and general wellbeing. This new campaign will help parents look at how you can reduce the amount of sugar your child consumes with some great tips and idea, as well as fantastic app which will enable you to seem how much sugar there is in everyday food and drink. The free app works by scanning the barcode of products and revealing the amount of total sugar it contains in cubes and grams.

      You can get the app by searching for Change4Life Sugar Smart in your app store or by following this link